The Classical Era, some of the earliest forms of western theater, and many well known early western philosophers were born in the beautiful cities of Greece. With over 5,000 years of tumultuous and beautiful history under its belt, this unique Mediterranean country has a lot to offer history students on a trip to Greece. From the regal Acropolis to the spectacular Pantheon and so much more, students will see Ancient Greece come to life through these rich experiences and their imaginations. Shrines to the ancient Greek gods and goddesses can be found all over the country, including the Oracle of Delphi and even a prehistoric shrine to Gaia.
Students aren’t limited to just learning about ancient Greek civilization and culture either. The Byzantine city of Mystras rests just north of Sparta, and it is here that the last emperor of Byzantium was crowned, Constantine XI Palaeologos. On the Greek island of Crete, the Minoan civilization flourished without the warlike disposition of some of its neighbors. In Vergina, students can not only see the city that once acted as capital to the Macedonian civilization, Aigai, but they can also visit the place where Alexander the Great was crowned king. The Mycenaean civilization also made its home in Greece, specifically in the city of Mycenae, where it was ruled by the famous King Agamemnon. The city is also featured in the Iliad and the Odyssey, the two greatest, most well-known epic poems to come out of Greece.
Greece is overflowing with incredible museums and archaeological sites that classical history students will love. The Vergina Museum is now the underground home to some of the most famous tomb discoveries, including the father of Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon. Athens features several museums well worth the trip, including the Byzantine Museum and the Athens National Archaeological Museum, both of which boast several thousand artifacts and exhibits available for viewing. Resting on one of the tiny Greek islands in the Aegean Sea is the city of Delos, home to the Delos Archaeological Museum. Here reside numerous artifacts from the ancient Greek holy site believed to be the birthplace of Apollo.
European history students traveling in Greece will also love visiting Olympia, one of the most important sanctuaries of ancient Greece. It is here that the first recorded Olympic Games took place in 472 BCE, though, back then, it did not have the global participation it has today, nor did it feature quite so many events (in fact, it started with only one event). Due to its modern connections, this makes an excellent stop on a historical tour of Greece.
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